A bunion is a condition in which the big toe is pushed towards the second toe, causing the big toe joint to veer out of its natural straight line position of a normal foot.

The bunion actually refers to the bone of the big toe, which forms a large sac of fluid that is also known as a bursa that becomes very sore and inflamed.

Why Bunions Occur
The purpose of the big toes is to help us to balance and push us further during walking and running. Problems of the foot may go unnoticed during childhood and other problems can begin later on in life as a result of a trauma or injury to the foot or wearing incorrect footwear causing pressure to build up around the big toe.

Some people can have very big bunions that are not incredibly painful but can cause difficulty when putting on shoes whereas other people may have smaller bunions, which can be extremely painful. However, this all depends on the type of the Bunion you have and if you suffer from a bursa.

Women have a tendency of getting bunions due to wearing particular footwear such as; high heels and narrow, pointed shoes causing the big toe to push towards the other toes. Bunions can also develop if it there is a history of bunions within the family.

A bunion is also more inclined to develop if one leg is shorter than the other, causing the Bunion to develop on the longer leg or if the ligaments in the foot are weak.

A bunion is an inflamed, red bony bump on the base of the big toe, which is situated along the inner side of your foot.

Further Symptoms of a Bunion
Is to have thick, dry and rough skin that occurs over the big toe joint causing the skin to crack and form ulcers.
Suffering from pain especially when walking or wearing shoes that are tight, have points and are high heeled.
Masses of swelling and tenderness around the big toe joint, making it extremely hard to move. This is also known as Bursitis.

You will also notice that the big toe pushes inwards towards the second toe, and so on. The big toe can also slope under or over the second toe causing the big toe joint outwards, increasing the width of the foot. This can make it more painful to wear shoes or even buy comfortable shoes that fit appropriately.

How To Treat Bunions

Ongoing Problems
The symptoms of a Bunion is likely become worse if the tendons of the foot can no longer pull the toe into its straight alignment, which may cause further problems to develop such as; corns and calluses.

Further Information
Visiting a Podiatrist is important so that they can identify and recommend the necessary exercises and treatments including Orthotics (foot inserts to align your feet and body). This can help alleviate the symptoms of the Bunion by helping you to walk in a way that doesn’t worsen the Bunion but it won’t change the newly established shape of the foot. Shoe alterations and night splints can also be prescribed by a Podiatrist to slow the progression of the Bunion in children.

There are a number of ways that a bunion can be treated and the Podiatrist can also refer you to a Podiatric Surgeon if you require further assistance to evaluate the extent of your bunion. The Podiatric Surgeon will examine the bunion and will give you operate surgery to remove the bunion and realign the big toe joint. The purpose of the surgery is to prevent the bunion growing back but it all depends on the severity of the bunion, like with any type of surgery there may be risks and complications involved.

Podiatrist Consultation
For further assistance regarding your bunion, please telephone on (02) 164 4958. Alternatively, use the form below.

Medical Terms
Hallux Valgus
Hallux Abducto Valgus