Flat Feet

What is Flat Feet?
Flat feet is a condition in which the arch of the foot is absent or collapses on weight baring and or also likes to roll inwards.

It can also be referred to as Pes Planus or Pes Valgus.

Flat feet can be inherited, check out information on helping your kids here

Types of Flat Feet
Flat feet are categorised as flexible or rigid. Flexible type of flat feet are ones in which, the arch of the foot is present when the foot is baring any weight but is absent on standing. Rigid flat
feet is when the arch is absent at all times.

(Above Foot)- Without Arch
flatfoot2
(Below Foot)- With Arch

Symptoms of Flat Feet

  • Foot Pain
  • Lower Leg Pains/ Knee Pains/ Ankle Pains
  • The foot arch collapses inwards

Treatment
No treatment is necessary in children with flexible flat feet under the age of 3. Children of the age of 3 with no prominent arches, require arch supports (orthotics). This arch support (orthotics) will not correct or reverse the flat feet but will only be able to control it. The purpose of the arch support is to prevent the flat Feet from getting worse. If the flat feet are causing any problems then wearing orthotics will help to alleviate the pain. It is better to have custom made orthotics because they are tailored to the specific type of your foot and your podiatrist will be able to prescribe the appropriate orthotics after a complete bio-mechanical examination. (See consultation page)

If the above symptoms persist then you need to:

  • Rest
  • Limit pressure applied to the foot
  • Wear an ankle brace
  • Wearing an ankle support
  • Wear walking boots
  • Consider weight loss
  • Consider lifestyle change
  • Consider surgery

Complications of Flat Feet
Flat feet can contribute to other lower limb conditions:

  • Heel pain (plantar fascitiis)
  • Shin splints (lower leg pain)
  • Arthritis in the feet
  • Bunions
  • Hammer toes
  • Arch pain

Factors that increase the risk of flat feet:

  • Obesity
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Diabetes
  • Age
  • Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction

Podiatrist Consultation
For further assistance regarding your flat feet, please telephone on (02) 164 4958. Alternatively, use the form below.

Find your local podiatrist here